General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also margins or freshwater ponds and lakes.
Native plant nurseries.
Medium to large herbaceous grass.
Typically 2-4 feet in height; to 6 feet when in flower. Spreading from underground stems (rhizomes) and forming large patches.
Southeastern United States north to New Jersey, west to Texas and south to Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Marshes and swamps.
Wet, poorly-drained organic soils.
High; requires rich organic soils for optimal growth.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Full sun to light shade.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides cover for spawning fish. Larval host
for clouded skipper (Lerema accius
) and Delaware skipper (Anatrytone logan
Can be grown from seed and divisions.