General Landscape Uses:
Specimen or accent groundcover in moist to wet sites.
Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in South Florida.
large herbaceous fern.
About 3-4 feet in height. About as broad as tall.
Widespread in eastern and central North America south to Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland; West Indies, Mexico and Central America.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Swamps and marshes.
Wet, poorly-drained organic soils, acid pH.
High; requires rich organic soils for optimal growth.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Full sun to light shade or moderate shade.
There are no flowers; the plants reproduce by spores.
Can be grown from spores.
It is listed as commercially exploited by the state of Florida.