General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.
Ecological Restoration Notes:
An empheral groundcover in open areas in beach dune and coastal strand.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Small creeping herbaceous wildflower.
About 3-6 inches in height. Spreading and forming small, open patches.
Eastern and southeastern United States west along the coasts to Louisiana and south to Miami-Dade and Collier counties; Bermuda and Cuba.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Open coastal uplands.
Moist, well-drained sandy soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Secondary line; tolerates significant salt wind without injury, but usually is somewhat protected.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Showy but small.
All year; peak spring-summer.
Inconspicuous linear capsule. All year.
Can be grown from seed.
Miami-Dade County Landscape Manual (2005)