General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also a large accent groundcover in moist to wet areas.
Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in South Florida.
Large herbaceous fern.
Typically 6-8 feet in height. Spreading from horizontal stems (stolons) and forming large masses.
Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland north to Martin, Highlands and Lee counties; Louisiana; West Indies, Mexico, Central America, South America and Old World.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Moist hammocks and swamps.
Moist to seasonally wet, well-drained to poorly-drained sandy, limestone, or organic soils, with humusy top layer.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
There are no flowers; the plants reproduce by spores.
Can be grown from divisions or spores.
It is listed as threatened by the state of Florida.