General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes, and wildflower and pollinator gardens, but may spread if not checked by physical barriers.
Ecological Restoration Notes:
In peninsular Florida, this has mostly been found growing on roadsides and in other disturbed areas, where it can spread readily. It's role in native ecosystems is generally not clear, but it has been collected in pinelands (e.g., Cooley 6433 USF
Native plant nurseries. Available in Lake Worth at Indian Trails Native Nursery
(561-641-9488) and at Amelia's SmartyPlants
(561-540-6296)., in Boynton Beach at Sustainscape
(561-245-5305), and in Groveland at Green Isle Gardens
Prostrate herbaceous wildflower.
About 1 inch in height; to 3 inches when in flower. Spreading along the ground and forming large open mats.
Southeastern United States, Missouri and Texas south to Martin, Hendry and Lee counties; also collected in Miami-Dade County in 1930 by H.N. Moldenke (843 NY
). In peninsular Florida, sporadic and mostly weedy in sandy disturbed sites.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes from South Florida north to southern Brevard, Osceola, Polk, and Pasco counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations from the Monroe County Keys north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Open, usually disturbed, sites.
Moist to dry, well-drained sandy soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Small brown pod (legume).
Wildlife and Ecology:
Larval host plant for little yellow (Eurema lisa
) butterflies. Attracts bee and butterfly pollinators.
Can be grown from seed.
A very attractive mat-forming groundcover. See also the Florida Wildflower Foundation's Flower Friday
page, and the USDA's fact sheet
on the its use as a pasture grass in the southern United States.