General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Because it is weedy and easily spread it is not recommended for general landscape use.
Ecological Restoration Notes:
Although rare, it is typically weedy in disturbed sites undergoing restoration.
Rarely grown by enthusiasts.
Small perennial herbaceous wildflower.
About 1-3 feet in height, sometimes scrambling higher in other vegetation.
Peninsular Florida, primarlity along the coast; Bahamas.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Beach dunes and coastal strand.
Moist, well-drained sandy soils, without a humusy top layer.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Moderately low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water, but tolerates short term inunation by salt water from storm surge with minimal damage.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Secondary line; tolerates significant salt wind without injury, but usually is somewhat protected.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
All parts of the plant are covered with tiny sticky hooks that easily attach themselves to clothing and even bare skin.