General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wildflower gardens.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Medium to large, erect herbaceous wildflower.
Typically 3-4 feet in height, much taller than broad.
Southeastern United States south to Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland; Greater Antilles.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Freshwater marshes, wet prairies and disturbed sites.
Wet, poorly drained soils.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Flowers attract bees and butterflies.
Can be grown from seed.
See also the Florida Wildflower Foundation's Flower Friday