General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Small to medium herbaceous fern relative.
About 6-18 inches in height. Stems creep along the ground forming large patches broader than tall.
Widespread in eastern and central North America west to Texas and south to Miami-Dade and Collier counties. Presumed extirpated in Miami-Dade County; perhaps extirpated in Broward County; Cuba.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Wet pinelands, prairies and margins of swamps.
Wet to moist, poorly drained acid sandy soils, sometimes with some peat accumulation.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
There are no flowers; the plants reproduce by spores.
Can be grown from spores.