General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Small to medium herb.
2-4 inches; to 2 feet when in flower. Taller than broad when in flower.
Eastern and southern North America west along the coasts to Texas and south along the coasts to the Monroe County Keys; northeastern Mexico.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Tidal marshes and tidal swamps.
Wet to moist, poorly-drained to occasionally inundated brackish soils.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Moderate; tolerates brackish water or occasional inundation by salt water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Full sun to light shade.
Lavender with a white throat.
Semi-showy small flowers in tall, open panicles.
The flowering panicles are dried for ornament and in the belief they repel moths.