General Landscape Uses:
Low massing shrub. Wildflower gardens.
Occasionally available at Mesozoic Landscapes, Inc.
in Lake Worth and available at Indian Trails Native Nursery
in Lake Worth (561-641-9488).
Woody groundcover or small shrub with short erect stems. Leaves 4 inches long, leathery, dark green.
About 1-5 feet in height. Spreading from underground stems and forming large open or dense patches.
Southeastern United States south to the Monroe County Keys. In the Monroe County Keys, disjunct from Miami-Dade County to the pine rocklands of Big Pine Key.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes from South Florida north to southern Brevard, Osceola, Polk, and Pasco counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations from the Monroe County Keys north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Pinelands and coastal thickets.
Moist to dry, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
High; can tolerate moderate amounts of salt wind without significant injury.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Full sun to light shade.
Semi-showy in terminal clusters.
All year; peak spring-summer.
Elliptical drupe. Edible.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides significant food and some cover for wildlife. The flowers attract bees and butterflies. The fruits are highly attractive to wildlife.
Can be grown from seed.
Nelson 2003, Schaefer & Tanner 1997
See also the Florida Wildflower Foundation's Flower Friday