General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wildflower and butterfly gardens.
Grown by enthusiasts and a few native plant nurseries. Available in Groveland at Green Isle Gardens
Medium herbaceous wildflower.
About 2-3 inches in height; to 3 feet when in flower. Usually taller than broad, but sometimes falling over and forming open patches.
Southeastern United States south to Miami-Dade and Collier counties. Scattered and nowhere common in South Florida. Perhaps extirpated in Broward County.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Dry to moist, well-drained sandy soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Purplish or rarely white.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Nectar plant for butterflies.
Can be grown from seed.