General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wet butterfly gardens.
Grown by one of two native plant nurseries in northern Florida.
Medium to large herbaceous wildflower.
Typically 3-4 feet in height. Taller than broad.
Eastern North America south to Miami-Dade and Collier counties; Cuba.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes from South Florida north to southern Brevard, Osceola, Polk, and Pasco counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations from the Monroe County Keys north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Wet pinelands and marshes.
Moist to wet, moderately well-drained soils, with or without humusy top layer.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
Full sun to light shade.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Nectar plant for butterflies and other pollinators. Attractive to birds.
See also the Florida Wildflower Foundation's Flower Friday