General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wet wildflower gardens.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Small to medium shrubby wildflower. Leaves needle-like.
About 2-4 feet in height. About as broad as tall.
Southeastern United States south to Miami-Dade and Collier counties; Cuba and Belize.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes north to Indian River and Manatee counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Wet pinelands and swamp margins.
Wet to moist, seasonally inundated sandy soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Moderate to low; requires moist to wet soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
All year; peak spring-fall.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides some food and cover for wildlife. Attracts many bee pollinators.
Can be grown from seed. Harvest seed when mature, but before it becomes dried out.
See also the Florida Wildflower Foundation's Flower Friday