General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wet wildflower gardens.
Ecological Restoration Notes:
A somewhat common element in marshes, wet pinelands and along the edges of freshwater swamps.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Small shrubby wildflower. Leaves needle-like.
About 2-3 feet in height. About as broad as tall.
Southeastern United States south to Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes from South Florida north to southern Brevard, Osceola, Polk, and Pasco counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations from the Monroe County Keys north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Pinelands, marshes and prairies.
Wet to moist, seasonally inundated sandy soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Semi-showy clusters of flowers.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides some food and cover for wildlife.
Can be grown from seed. Harvest seed when mature, but before it becomes dried out.