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Pineland heliotrope
Heliotropium polyphyllum

Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

General Landscape Uses: Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wildflower and butterfly gardens.

Availability: Grown by enthusiasts. Available in Lake Worth at Amelia's SmartyPlants (561-540-6296), in Miami at Pro Native Consulting (786-488-3101) and in Boynton Beach at Sustainscape (561-245-5305).

Description: Small wildflower with ascending or spreading stems and attractive yellow or white flowers.

Dimensions: Typically 3-6 inches in height. Spreading and forming open patches broader than tall.

Growth Rate: Moderate.

Range: Florida from the Monroe County Keys north to Panhandle; northern Bahamas. In the Monroe County Keys, apparently disjunct from Miami-Dade County (including Biscayne National Park) to the pine rocklands of Big Pine Key and nearby islands.

Plant Map Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.

 Map of suggested ZIP codes from South Florida north to southern Brevard, Osceola, Polk, and Pasco counties.

 Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations from the Monroe County Keys north to Martin and Charlotte counties.

Habitats: Pinelands, prairies and coastal thickets.

Soils: Moist, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, without humus.

Nutritional Requirements: Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.

Salt Water Tolerance: Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.

Salt Wind Tolerance: Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.

Drought Tolerance: High; does not require any supplemental water once established.

Light Requirements: Full sun.

Flower Color: Yellow or white.

Flower Characteristics: Semi-showy spike.

Flowering Season: All year.

Fruit: Inconspicuous aggregate of 4 nutlets.

Wildlife and Ecology: Nectar plant for small butterflies and other pollinators.

References: Hammer 2004

Comments: On the east coast of South Florida the flowers are yellow and on the west coast the flowers are white. In the lower Monroe County Keys, the yellow form is known from Big Pine Key and the white form from Cudjoe Key. The use of appropriate local material is recommended. See also the Florida Wildflower Foundation's Flower Friday page.

Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

Copyright by: James Johnson, 2014
In habitat, Everglades National Park, Florida

Copyright by:

Copyright by: Jay Horn via iNaturalist

Copyright by: Jay Horn via iNaturalist

Copyright by: Jay Horn via iNaturalist

Other data on Heliotropium polyphyllum available from:

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