General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also butterfly gardens.
Ecological Restoration Notes:
An occasional and somewhat weedy understory herb in coastal hammocks and thickets.
Native plant nurseries in south and central Florida. Available in Fort Myers at All Native Garden Center and Plant Nursery
(239-939-9663) and in Lake Worth at Amelia's SmartyPlants
Medium, short-lived herbaceous shrub-like wildflower.
Typically 1-3 feet in height. Usually taller than broad, but sometimes spreading or falling over and broader than tall.
Monroe County Keys north mostly along the coasts to Volusia, Hillsborough and Pinellas counties; southern Texas, West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes north to Indian River and Manatee counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Hammocks and disturbed sites.
Moist, well-drained to moderately well-drained sandy or limestone soils, with humusy top layer.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Moderate; tolerates brackish water or occasional inundation by salt water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
Light shade to full sun.
Inconspicuous aggregate of 4 nutlets.
Wildlife and Ecology: Nectar plant
for Bahamian swallowtail (Heraclides andraemon
), cassius blue (Leptotes cassius
), Florida white (Appias drusilla
), gray hairstreak (Strymon melinus
), great southern white (Ascia monuste
), gulf fritillary (Agraulis vanilla
), Miami blue (Cyclargus thomasi bethunebakeri
), queen (Danaus gilippus
), rudy daggerwing (Marpesia petreus
), Schaus' swallowtail (Heraclides aristodemus
) and other butterflies.
Can be grown from seed.
Recruits readily from seed in the garden, but rarely becomes a weed.