General Landscape Uses:
Accent shrub or small tree. Buffer plantings.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Small tree or medium shrub with erect branches and an open, irregular crown. Leaves leathery, very rough above, about 2-4 inches long or sometimes longer.
Typically 5-15 feet in height or sometimes taller, especially in the Florida Keys. Taller than broad.
Monore County Keys north along the east coast to Martin County; West Indies. Very rare or perhaps absent in the middle Monroe County Keys. Also very rare and sporadic north of the Miami River; perhaps never present or extirpated in Broward County; possibly extirpated in Palm Beach County; known from one location in Martin County. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida
website. Little mapped this north only to Broward County.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes north to Indian River and Manatee counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Pine rocklands and hammocks.
Moist, well-drained limestone (occasionally sandy) soils, with or without humusy top layer.
Moderate to low; it prefers soils with organic content, but will still grow reasonably well in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Moderate to high; plants growing in extremely dry soils may die during extended periods of drought.
All year; peak winter-spring.
Rounded red berry.
Difficult to grow from seed.
Of sporadic occurrence north of the Miami River.