General Landscape Uses:
Primarly recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wildflower gardens.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Medium herbaceous shrub-like wildflower.
Typically 1-3 feet in height. Is usually as broad as tall.
Widespread in eastern North America south to northeastern Miami-Dade and Collier counties.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes from South Florida north to southern Brevard, Osceola, Polk, and Pasco counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations from the Monroe County Keys north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Pinelands and open disturbed sites.
Moist to wet, moderately well-drained sandy soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Can be grown from seed.
A very attractive wildflower.