General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Not recommended for general landscape use.
Ecological Restoration Notes:
A common element of open, coastal uplands.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Small perennial herbaceous wildflower.
Typically 1-3 feet in height. Taller than broad.
Peninsular Florida south along the coasts to the Monroe County Keys; the West Indies, Mexico, Central America and northern South America.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Beach dunes, coastal strand and coastal grasslands.
Moist, well-drained sandy soils, without humusy top layer.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Moderately low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water, but tolerates short term inunation by salt water from storm surge with minimal damage.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Frontline; grows in direct salt wind but away from constant salt spray.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
White glad appendages.
Can be grown from seeds and cuttings.