General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Medium to large herbaceous fern.
About 3-4 feet feet tall. Fronds spreading and becoming as broad as tall.
Miami-Dade, Broward and Collier counties; disjunct in central Florida in Manatee and Polk counties; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America. In Miami-Dade County, known only from hammocks south of the Miami River. In Broward County, know only from Fern Forest Nature Center.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Moist, well-drained limestone soils, with humusy top layer.
High; requires rich organic soils for optimal growth.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Light shade to moderate shade.
There are no flowers; the plants reproduce by spores.
Can be grown from spores.
It is listed as endangered by the state of Florida.