General Landscape Uses:
Water gardens and along pond and lake edges.
Ecological Restoration Notes:
A common understory element of freshwater marshes.
Medium herbaceous wildflower from a basal rosette. Leaves strap-like, leathery, 1-4 feet long.
Typically 2-3 feet in height. About as broad as tall, the flowers emerging taller.
Southeastern United States west to Texas and south to Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland; West Indies (Cuba, Jamaica).
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes from South Florida north to southern Brevard, Osceola, Polk, and Pasco counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations from the Monroe County Keys north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Marshes and swamps.
Wet to moist, seasonally inundated organic soils.
High; requires rich organic soils for optimal growth.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Full sun to light shade or moderate shade.
Green fleshy capsule.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Larval host for Spanish moth (Xanthopastis timais
Can be grown from seed and division.
Luber grasshoppers chew the leaves. See also the Florida Wildflower Foundation's Flower Friday