General Landscape Uses:
Wildflower and rock gardens.
Ecological Restoration Notes:
A common understory wildflower in prairies, wet pinelands and depression marshes. Rare in pine rocklands subjected to drainage.
Native plant nurseries. Available in Groveland at Green Isle Gardens
(321-436-4932), in Lake Worth at Amelia's SmartyPlants
(561-540-6296) and in Fort Myers at All Native Garden Center
Medium annual herb with attractive heads of yellow flowers.
Typically 1-3 feet in height. Much taller than broad.
Alabama and northern Florida south to the Monroe County Keys. In the Monroe County Keys, disjunct from Miami-Dade County to Big Pine Key.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes north to Indian River and Manatee counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Pinelands and prairies.
Wet to moist, moderately well-drained to seasonally inundated soils.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Yellow ray flowers and yellow and brown disk flowers.
Showy heads, 1/2-1" wide.
Wildlife and Ecology: Nectar plant
for Miami blue (Cyclargus thomasi bethunebakeri
), southern broken-dash (Wallengrenia otho
) and other butterflies. Provides seeds and insects for birds.
Can be grown from seed.
The Florida state wildflower. This is an annual that recruits readily in the landscape in exposed soil. See also the Florida Wildflower Foundation's Flower Friday