General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wet to moist wildflower and butterfly gardens.
Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in central Florida. Available in Lake Worth at Amelia's SmartyPlants
Medium herbaceous wildflower.
Typically 2-3 feet in heigth. Taller than broad.
Endemic to Florida from Nassau County and Panhandle south to Miami-Dade, Highlands and Lee counties. Presumed extirpated in Miami-Dade and Broward counties. In Broward County, last collected in the Parkland area in 1982.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes north to Indian River and Manatee counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Wet to moist, seasonally inundated sandy soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Nectar plant for butterflies.
Can be grown from seed.