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Coffee colubrina, Greenheart
Colubrina arborescens

Copyright by: George D. Gann, 2004
In habitat, Long Pine Key, Florida

General Landscape Uses: Accent tree. Also useful in buffer plantings.

Ecological Restoration Notes: A somewhat rare element of hammock edges in the Florida Keys and southern Miami-Dade County.

Availability: Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in South Florida.

Description: Small tree or large shrub, usually with an erect trunk and a broad-spreading, semi-open crown. Leaves light green, with rusty-brown hairs on the underside of the leaves and on the twigs.

Dimensions: Typically 10-20 feet in height. Usually taller than broad.

Growth Rate: Fast.

Range: Monroe, Miami-Dade and Collier counties; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America. Rare in the Monroe County Keys and very rare or absent in the middle Keys. In Miami-Dade County, native to the Miami Rock Ridge from Long Pine Key in Everglades National Park north and east to west of Goulds. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida website.

Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.

Habitats: Rockland hammocks; understory shrub in pine rocklands.

Soils: Moist, well-drained limestone or calcareous sandy soils, with humusy top layer.

Nutritional Requirements: Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.

Salt Water Tolerance: Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.

Salt Wind Tolerance: Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.

Drought Tolerance: Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.

Light Requirements: Full sun.

Flower Color: Greenish or yellowish.

Flower Characteristics: Inconspicuous.

Flowering Season: All year.

Fruit: Purple to black capsule.

Wildlife and Ecology: Provides food for birds.

Horticultural Notes: Can be grown from seed. Place in light shade or full sun.

Comments: Recruits readily from seeds in the garden and can become somewhat weedy. It is listed as endangered by the state of Florida.

Copyright by: George D. Gann, 2004
In habitat, Long Pine Key, Florida

Copyright by: James Johnson, 2014
In habitat, Everglades National Park, Florida

Copyright by: George D. Gann, 2011
In habitat, Dominican Republic

Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

Copyright by: George D. Gann

Copyright by: George D. Gann

Other data on Colubrina arborescens available from:

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