General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.
Ecological Restoration Notes:
A common element of scrub nearly throughout South Florida.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Medium shrub with erect branches forming a large densely-branched mound. Leaves needle-like, 1/2 inch long, dark green and aromatic, with an aroma of a conifer.
Typically 4-8 feet in height. As broad as tall or sometimes broader.
Southeastern United States south to Miami-Dade and Collier counties. Extirpated in Miami-Dade County.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations from the Monroe County Keys north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Dry, well-drained sandy soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Brownish-red to yellowish.
Small round greenish-yellow or red berry, containing a single seed.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides some food and cover for wildlife.
Schaefer & Tanner 1997