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Eyebright ayenia
Ayenia euphrasiifolia

Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley

General Landscape Uses: Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.

Ecological Restoration Notes: A somewhat weedy understory herb in pine rocklands.

Availability: Grown by enthusiasts.

Description: Small creeping herb.

Dimensions: About 2-4 inches in height. Spreading across the ground and forming small patches.

Growth Rate: Moderate.

Range: Monroe County Keys and Miami-Dade County; West Indies. Also collected once Palm Beach County (Lantana). In Miami-Dade County, not native north of the Miami River. In the Monroe County Keys, apparently disjunct from Miami-Dade County and North Key Largo to the pine rocklands of Big Pine Key; also collected in Key West in the mid 1800s.

Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.

Habitats: Pine rocklands.

Soils: Moist, well-drained limestone soils, without humus.

Nutritional Requirements: Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.

Salt Water Tolerance: Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.

Salt Wind Tolerance: Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.

Drought Tolerance: High; does not require any supplemental water once established.

Light Requirements: Full sun.

Flower Color: Red.

Flower Characteristics: Inconspicuous.

Flowering Season: All year.

Fruit: Inconspicuous warty capsule.

Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley

Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley

Other data on Ayenia euphrasiifolia available from:

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