General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wildflower and butterfly gardens.
Ecological Restoration Notes:
A rare understory herb in pinelands.
Grown by enthusiasts and occasionally by native plant nurseries. Available at Indian Trails Native Nursery
in Lake Worth (561-641-9488).
Medium wildflower with erect slender stems; barely noticeable when not in flower.
Typically 2-3 feet in height. Taller than broad.
Widespread in North America south to Miami-Dade and Collier counties.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Moist, well-drained sandy soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Greenish-white or white.
Slender pod (follicle) with wind dispersed seeds.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Larval host for queen (Danaus gilippus) and possibly soldier (Danaus eresimus) butterflies. Nectar plant for monarch (Danaus plexippus) and other butterflies.
Can be grown from seed.