General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wildflower and butterfly gardens.
Ecological Restoration Notes:
A rare understory herb in freshwater wetlands.
Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in South Florida. Available in Parrish at Sweet Bay Nursery, LLC
Erect medium to large wildflower. Leaves about 3 inches long.
Typically 3-5 feet in height. Taller than broad.
Widespread in North America south to Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland. Rare in South Florida.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes north to Indian River and Manatee counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Swamps, wet hammocks and wet prairies.
Wet to moist, poorly-drained to moderately well-drained organic soils, with or without humus.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Light shade to moderate shade or full sun.
Bright pink and white or rarely white.
Slender pod (follicle) with wind dispersed seeds.
Wildlife and Ecology: Larval host plant
for monarch (Danaus plexippus
) and queen (Danaus gilippus
) butterflies; possible larval host of soldier (Danaus eresimus
) butterflies. Nectar plant
for Delaware skipper (Anatrytone logan
), fiery skipper (Hylephila phyleus
), giant swallowtail (Papilio cresphontes
), monarch (Danaus plexippus
), ocola skipper (Panoquina ocola
), sachem (Atalopedes campestris
) and variegated fritillary (Euptoieta claudia
) and other butterflies. It also attracts bee pollintors and hummingbirds.
Can be grown from seed.
See also the Florida Wildflower Foundation's Flower Friday