General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also provides a good base for wildflower gardens.
Ecological Restoration Notes:
An occasional understory grass in a wide variety of pinelands. Rarer in the southern part of peninsular South Florida in marl prairies.
Grown by a few native plant nurseries in south and central Florida.
Medium to large herbaceous grass.
Typically 2-4 feet in height; to 6 feet when in flower. A clumping grass about as broad as tall except when flowering.
Southern and eastern United States south to Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland, but very rare at the end of its range in the southernmost Florida counties. Not documented on barrier islands in South Florida, but possibly historically present; it grows well at Pan’s Garden
in Palm Beach.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes from South Florida north to southern Brevard, Osceola, Polk, and Pasco counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations from the Monroe County Keys north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Pinelands and scrub.
Moist to dry, well-drained sandy soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Light brown inflorescence.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Possible larval host plant for Delaware skipper (Anatrytone logan), Georgia satyr (Neonympha areolata), neamathla skipper (Nastra neamathla), swarthy skipper (Nastra lherminier) and twin-spot skipper (Oligoria maculata) butterflies. Attracts pollinators.
Can be grown from seed.
A Gardener's Guide to Florida's Native Plants
Attractive bluish-white leaves. Usually best cut back after flowering. Spreads from seed in the garden and can become weedy.