General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.
Ecological Restoration Notes:
An occasional element in a variety of freshwater wetlands.
Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in South Florida.
Medium herbaceous grass.
Typically 1-2 feet in height. Spreading by horizontal stems (stolons) and forming large patches.
Southeastern United States south to Miami-Dade and Collier counties.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Wet pinelands, cypress swamps, marshes and wet disturbed sites.
Wet to moist, moderately well-drained sandy soils, without humusy top layer.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils and may become aggressive with excess nutrients.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Wildlife and Ecology:
The above ground flowers are sterile; fertile flowers are borne below ground on slender subterranean branches.
Can be grown by division.