Plants of South Florida · Plants by Conservation Area · Plants by County · Plants by Habitat
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There are 47 unique Habitats in South Florida.

Habitats: Description:
Alluvial Stream Lower perennial or intermittent/seasonal watercourse characterized by turbid water with suspended silt, clay, sand and small gravel; generally with a distinct, sediment-derived (alluvial) floodplain and a sandy, elevated natural levee just inland from the bank.    (Description taken from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory website at www.FNAI.org)
Basin Marsh Large basin with peat substrate; seasonally inundated; temperate or subtropical; frequent fire; sawgrass and/or cattail and/or buttonbush and/or mixed emergents.    (Description taken from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory website at www.FNAI.org)
Baygall Wetland with peat substrate at base of slope; maintained by downslope seepage, usually saturated and occasionally inundated; subtropical or temperate; rare or no fire; bays and/or dahoon holly and/or red maple and/or mixed hardwoods.    (Description taken from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory website at www.FNAI.org)
Bayhead Wetland with peat substrate; usually saturated and occasionally inundated; subtropical; rare or no fire; bays and/or dahoon holly, cocoplum, wax myrtle, and other hardwoods. This habitat is not tracked by the Florida Natural Areas Inventory and has been added by IRC.    (Description by The Institute For Regional Conservation)
Beach Dune Active coastal dune with sand substrate; xeric; temperate or subtropical; occasional or rare fire; sea oats and/or mixed salt-spray tolerant grasses and herbs.    (Description taken from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory website at www.FNAI.org)
Blackwater Stream Perennial or intermittent/seasonal watercourse characterized by tea-colored water with a high content of particulate and dissolved organic matter derived from drainage through swamps and marshes; generally lacking an alluvial floodplain.    (Description taken from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory website at www.FNAI.org)
Coastal Berm Old bar or storm debris with sand/shell substrate; xeric-mesic; subtropical or temperate; rare or no fire; buttonwood, mangroves, and/or mixed halophytic herbs and/or shrubs and trees.    (Description taken from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory website at www.FNAI.org)
Coastal Grassland Coastal flatland with sand substrate; xeric-mesic; subtropical or temperate; occasional fire; grasses, herbs, and shrubs with or without slash pine and/or cabbage palm.    (Description taken from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory website at www.FNAI.org)
Coastal Interdunal Swale Long narrow depression wetlands in sand/peat-sand substrate; seasonally inundated, fresh to brackish, still water; temperate; rare fire; graminoids and mixed wetland forbs.    (Description taken from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory website at www.FNAI.org)
Coastal Rock Barren Flatland with exposed limestone substrate; xeric; subtropical; no fire; algae, mixed halophytic herbs and grasses, and/or cacti and stunted shrubs and trees.    (Description taken from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory website at www.FNAI.org)
Coastal Rockland Lake Shallow basin influence by recent coastal processes; predominantly barren oolitic or Miami limestone substrate; salinity variable among and within lakes, and subject to saltwater intrusion, storm surges and evaporation (because of shallowness); slightly alkaline, hard water with high mineral content (sodium, chloride).    (Description taken from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory website at www.FNAI.org)
Coastal Strand Stabilized coastal dune with sand substrate; xeric; subtropical or temperate; occasional or rare fire; dense saw palmetto and/or seagrape and/or mixed stunted shrubs, yucca, and cacti.    (Description taken from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory website at www.FNAI.org)
Depression Marsh Small rounded depression in sand substrate with peat accumulating toward center; seasonally inundated, still water; subtropical or temperate; frequent or occasional fire; maidencane, fire flag, pickerelweed, and mixed emergents, may be in concentric bands.    (Description taken from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory website at www.FNAI.org)
Disturbed Upland Includes areas such as roadsides, agricultural fields, or thickets.    (Description by The Institute For Regional Conservation)
Disturbed Wetland Includes disturbed wet areas such as ditches, canals, and borrow pits.    (Description by The Institute For Regional Conservation)
Dome Swamp Rounded depression in sand/limestone substrate with peat accumulating toward center; seasonally inundated, still water; subtropical or temperate; occasional or rare fire; cypress, blackgum, or bays, often tallest in center.    (Description taken from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory website at www.FNAI.org)
Dry Prairie Flatland with sand substrate; mesic-xeric; subtropical or temperate; annual or frequent fire; wiregrass, saw palmetto, and mixed grasses and herbs.    (Description taken from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory website at www.FNAI.org)
Flatwoods/Prairie Lake Generally shallow basin in flatlands with high water table; frequently with a broad littoral zone; still water or flow-through; sand or peat substrate; variable water chemistry, but characteristically colored to clear, acidic to slightly alkaline, soft to moderately hard water with moderate mineral content (sodium, chloride, sulfate); oligo-mesotrophic to eutrophic.    (Description taken from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory website at www.FNAI.org)
Floodplain Forest Floodplain with alluvial substrate of sand, silt, clay or organic soil; seasonally inundated; temperate; rare or no fire; diamondleaf oak, overcup oak, water oak, swamp chestnut oak, blue palmetto, cane, and mixed hardwoods.    (Description taken from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory website at www.FNAI.org)
Floodplain Marsh Floodplain with organic/sand/alluvial substrate; seasonally inundated; subtropical; frequent or occasional fire; maidencane, pickerelweed, sagittaria spp., buttonbush, and mixed emergents.    (Description taken from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory website at www.FNAI.org)
Floodplain Swamp Floodplain with organic/alluvial substrate; usually inundated; subtropical or temperate; rare or no fire; vegetation characterized by cypress, tupelo, black gum, and/or pop ash.    (Description taken from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory website at www.FNAI.org)
Freshwater Tidal Swamp River mouth wetland, organic soil with extensive root mat; inundated with freshwater in response to tidal cycles; rare or no fire; cypress, bays, cabbage palm, gums and/or cedars.    (Description taken from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory website at www.FNAI.org)
Hydric Hammock Lowland with sand/clay/organic soil, often over limestone; mesic-hydric; subtropical or temperate; rare or no fire; water oak, cabbage palm, red cedar, red maple, bays, hackberry, hornbeam, blackgum, needle palm, and mixed hardwoods.    (Description taken from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory website at www.FNAI.org)
Maritime Hammock Stabilized coastal dune with sand substrate; xeric-mesic; subtropical or temperate; rare or no fire; mixed hardwoods and/or live oak.    (Description taken from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory website at www.FNAI.org)
Marl Prairie Flatland with marl over limestone substrate; seasonally inundated; tropical; frequent to no fire; sawgrass, spikerush, and/or mixed grasses, sometimes with dwarf cypress.    (Description taken from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory website at www.FNAI.org)
Marsh Lake Generally shallow, open water area within wide expanses of freshwater marsh; still water or flow-through; peat, sand or clay substrate; occurs in most physiographic regions; variable water chemistry, but characteristically highly colored, acidic, soft water with moderate mineral content (sodium, chloride, sulfate); oligo-mesotrophic to eutrophic.    (Description taken from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory website at www.FNAI.org)
Mesic Flatwoods Flatland with sand substrate; mesic; subtropical or temperate; frequent fire; slash pine and/or longleaf pine with saw palmetto, gallberry and/or wiregrass or cutthroat grass understory.    (Description taken from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory website at www.FNAI.org)
Mesic Hammock Flatland with sand/organic soil over a sand substrate; mesic; subtropical; occasional or rare fire; live oak and/or cabbage palm.    (Description by The Institute For Regional Conservation)
Pine Rockland Flatland with exposed limestone substrate; mesic-xeric; subtropical; frequent fire; south Florida slash pine, palms and/or hardwoods, and mixed grasses and herbs.    (Description taken from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory website at www.FNAI.org)
Prairie Hammock Flatland with sand/organic soil over marl or limestone substrate; mesic; subtropical; occasional or rare fire; live oak and/or cabbage palm.    (Description taken from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory website at www.FNAI.org)
River Floodplain Lake Meander scar, backwater, or larger flow-through body within major river floodplains; sand, alluvial or organic substrate; colored, alkaline or slightly acidic, hard or moderately hard water with high mineral content (sulfate, sodium, chloride, calcium, magnesium); mesotrophic to eutrophic.    (Description taken from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory website at www.FNAI.org)
Rockland Hammock Flatland with limestone substrate; mesic; subtropical; rare or no fire; mixed tropical hardwoods, often with live oak.    (Description taken from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory website at www.FNAI.org)
Sandhill Upland with deep sand substrate; xeric; temperate; frequent fire (2-5 years); longleaf pine and/or turkey oak with wiregrass understory.    (Description taken from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory website at www.FNAI.org)
Scrub Old dune with deep fine sand substrate; xeric; temperate or subtropical; occasional or rare fire (20 - 80 years); sand pine and/or scrub oaks and/or rosemary and lichens.    (Description taken from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory website at www.FNAI.org)
Scrubby Flatwoods Flatland with sand substrate; xeric-mesic; subtropical or temperate; occasional fire; longleaf pine or slash pine with scrub oaks and wiregrass understory.    (Description taken from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory website at www.FNAI.org)
Shell Mound Indian midden with shell substrate; xeric-mesic; subtropical or temperate; rare or no fire; mixed hardwoods.    (Description taken from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory website at www.FNAI.org)
Sinkhole Karst feature with steep limestone walls; mesic-hydric; subtropical or temperate; no fire; ferns, herbs, shrubs, and hardwoods.    (Description taken from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory website at www.FNAI.org)
Sinkhole Lake Typically deep, funnel-shaped depression in limestone base; occurs in most physiographic regions; predominantly without surface inflows/outflows, but frequently with connection to the aquifer; clear, alkaline, hard water with high mineral content (calcium, bicarbonate, magnesium)    (Description taken from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory website at www.FNAI.org)
Slough Broad, shallow channel with peat over mineral substrate; seasonally inundated, flowing water; subtropical; occasional or rare fire; pop ash and/or pond apple or water lily.    (Description taken from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory website at www.FNAI.org)
Strand Swamp Broad, shallow channel with peat over mineral substrate; seasonally inundated, flowing water; subtropical; occasional or rare fire; cypress and/or willow.    (Description taken from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory website at www.FNAI.org)
Swale Broad, shallow channel with sand/peat substrate; seasonally inundated, flowing water; subtropical or temperate; frequent or occasional fire; sawgrass, maidencane, pickerelweed, and/or mixed emergents.    (Description taken from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory website at www.FNAI.org)
Swamp Lake Generally shallow, open water area within basin swamps; still water or flow-through; peat, sand or clay substrate; occurs in most physiographic regions; variable water chemistry, but characteristically highly colored, acidic, soft water with moderate mineral content (sodium, chloride, sulfate); oligo-mesotrophic to eutrophic.    (Description taken from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory website at www.FNAI.org)
Tidal Marsh Expansive intertidal or supratidal area occupied primarily by rooted, emergent vascular macrophytes (e.g., cord grass, needlerush, saw grass, saltwort, saltgrass and glasswort); may include various epiphytes and epifauna.    (Description taken from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory website at www.FNAI.org)
Tidal Swamp Expansive intertidal and supratidal area occupied primarily by woody vascular macrophytes (e.g., black mangrove, buttonwood, red mangrove, and white mangrove); may include various epiphytes and epifauna.    (Description taken from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory website at www.FNAI.org)
Wet Flatwoods Flatland with sand substrate; seasonally inundated; subtropical or temperate; frequent fire; vegetation characterized by slash pine or pond pine and/or cabbage palm with mixed grasses and herbs.    (Description taken from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory website at www.FNAI.org)
Wet Prairie Flatland with sand substrate; seasonally inundated; subtropical or temperate; annual or frequent fire; maidencane, beakrush, spikerush, wiregrass, pitcher plants, St. John's wort, mixed herbs.    (Description taken from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory website at www.FNAI.org)
Xeric Hammock Upland with deep sand substrate; xeric-mesic; temperate or subtropical; rare or no fire; live oak and/or sand live oak and/or laurel oak and/or other oaks, sparkleberry, saw palmetto.    (Description taken from the Florida Natural Areas Inventory website at www.FNAI.org)