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Amyris balsamifera L.
Balsam torchwood

Family: Rutaceae

Group: Dicot

Substrate: Terrestrial

Habit: Tree

Perennation: Perennial

Native Range: South Florida, the Greater Antilles, southern Mexico, Central America and northwestern South America.

NatureServe Global Status: Apparently Secure

Florida Natural Areas Inventory State Status: Presumed Extirpated or Extinct

IRC SOUTH FLORIDA Status: Presumed Extirpated or Extinct in the Wild

SOUTH FLORIDA Occurrence: Present

SOUTH FLORIDA Native Status: Native

SOUTH FLORIDA Cultivated Status: Cultivated

Comments: For more images and a description of plants in Cuba, visit the Cybertruffle website. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida website.

Distinguished from the common A. elemifera in having: leaflets often 5 and usually more than 5 cm long (versus usually 3 and less than 5 cm long); inflorescence downy hairy (versus glabrous); ovary hairy, stalked (versus glabrous, sessile); and fruit elongated, 9-14 mm long (versus rounded, 5-8 mm long) (from Tomlinson 1980).


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Amyris balsamifera
Copyright by: George D. Gann
cultivated plant at Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden
March 2013

Other data on Amyris balsamifera available from :
Institute for Regional Conservation
IRC Species Account
Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants
Amyris balsamifera has been found in the following 2 conservation areas :
Occurrence Native Status
John D. MacArthur Beach State Park Recorded as Present in Error
Matheson Hammock Park Presumed Extirpated Presumed Extirpated


Amyris balsamifera has been found in the following 2 counties :
Occurrence Native Status
Miami-Dade County Presumed Extirpated Presumed Extirpated
Monroe County (Keys) Recorded as Present in Error


Amyris balsamifera has been found in the following habitat :
Rockland Hammock


All Images:

Amyris balsamifera
Copyright by: George D. Gann
cultivated plant at Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden
March 2013
Amyris balsamifera
Copyright by: George D. Gann
cultivated plant at Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden
March 2013

Amyris balsamifera
Copyright by: George D. Gann
cultivated plant at Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden
March 2013