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Licaria triandra (Sw.) Kosterm.
Gulf licaria, Pepperleaf sweetwood

Family: Lauraceae

Group: Dicot

Substrate: Terrestrial

Habit: Tree

Perennation: Perennial

Native Range: South Florida, the West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America.

NatureServe Global Status: Apparently Secure

State of Florida Status: Endangered

Florida Natural Areas Inventory State Status: Critically Imperiled

IRC SOUTH FLORIDA Status: Critically Imperiled

SOUTH FLORIDA Occurrence: Present

SOUTH FLORIDA Native Status: Native

South Florida History and Distribution: A very rare tree historically known only from Brickell Hammock just south of downtown Miami. It still grows in the wild at the City of Miami's Simpson Park, and possibly nearby in other remnants of Brickell Hammock. City of Miami biologist Juan Fernandez, along with Andres Mora, recently discovered what appears to be a remnant tree on private property about one mile from Simpson Park. Licaria triandra is also cultivated in South Florida and is known to recruit under and near cultivated plants.

SOUTH FLORIDA Cultivated Status: Cultivated

Comments: For another image with fruit, click on the Flora of the West Indies or USDA PLANTS link. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida website. Also, see Rare Plants of South Florida (Gann et al. 2002, page 272).

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Licaria triandra
Copyright by: George D. Gann, 18 March 2015
In habitat, Simpson Park, City of Miami, Florida, USA

Other data on Licaria triandra available from :
Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants
Licaria triandra has been found in the following conservation area :
Occurrence Native Status
Simpson Park Present Native


Licaria triandra has been found in the following county :
Occurrence Native Status
Miami-Dade County Native


Licaria triandra has been found in the following habitat :
Rockland Hammock


All Images:

Licaria triandra
Copyright by: George D. Gann, 18 March 2015
In habitat, Simpson Park, City of Miami, Florida, USA
Licaria triandra
Copyright by: James J. Lange, 18 March 2015
In habitat at Simpson Park, City of Miami, Florida, USA

Licaria triandra
Copyright by: George D. Gann, 18 March 2015
In habitat, Simpson Park, City of Miami, Florida, USA