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Bletia purpurea (Lam.) DC.

Family: Orchidaceae

Group: Monocot

Substrate: Terrestrial

Habit: Herb

Perennation: Perennial

Native Range: Peninsular Florida, the West Indies, Mexico, Central America and northern South America. In Central Florida, known only from the Avon Park Air Force Range, where perphaps introduced with road fill (see Orzell 25213 USF).

NatureServe Global Status: Secure

State of Florida Status: Threatened

Florida Natural Areas Inventory State Status: Not listed


SOUTH FLORIDA Occurrence: Present

SOUTH FLORIDA Native Status: Native

South Florida History and Distribution: A rare terrestrial orchid widespread in South Florida from Martin and Lee counties south to southern Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland, then disjunct to the lower Florida Keys in the vicinity of Big Pine Key. Also visit our Natives For Your Neighborhood website for more information about using this species for native plant landscaping and restoration in South Florida.

SOUTH FLORIDA Cultivated Status: Cultivated

Comments: See also the North American Orchid Conservation Center's Go Orchids website.

Synonyms: Bletia verecunda (Salisb.) R. Br.


Bletia purpurea
Copyright by: George D. Gann
In habitat, New Providence, Bahamas, 2012

Other data on Bletia purpurea available from :
Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants
Bletia purpurea has been found in the following 32 conservation areas :
Occurrence Native Status
A.D. 'Doug' Barnes Park Present Native
Big Cypress National Preserve Present Native
Biscayne National Park Present Native
Boystown Pineland Present Native
Camp Owaissa Bauer Present Native
Castellow Hammock Park Possibly Extirpated Possibly Extirpated
Collier-Seminole State Park Present Native
Corkscrew Regional Ecosystem Watershed (CREW) Present Native
Corkscrew Swamp Sanctuary Present Native
Dupuis Reserve Present Native
Everglades National Park Present Native
Fakahatchee Strand Preserve State Park Present Native
Frog Pond/L-31 N Transition Lands Present Native
Fuchs Hammock Preserve Present Native
Grassy Waters Preserve Present Native
Hillsboro Pineland Natural Area Present Native
Homestead Bayfront Park Present Native
J.W. Corbett Wildlife Management Area Present Native
Jonathan Dickinson State Park Present Native
Larry and Penny Thompson Park Present Native
Loxahatchee River Natural Area Present Native
Loxahatchee Slough Natural Area Present Native
Luis Martinez United States Army Reserve Station, Richmond Pine Rocklands Present Native
National Key Deer Refuge Present Native
Navy Wells Pineland Present Native
Picayune Strand State Forest Present Native
Pond Cypress Natural Area Present Native
Quail Roost Pineland Present Native
Royal Palm Beach Pines Natural Area Present Native
South Dade Wetlands Present Native
Sugarloaf Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Tree Island Park Present Native

Bletia purpurea has been found in the following 7 counties :
Occurrence Native Status
Broward County Native
Collier County Native
Lee County Native
Miami-Dade County Native
Monroe County (Keys) Native
Monroe County (Mainland) Native
Palm Beach County Native

Bletia purpurea has been found in the following 8 habitats :
Depression Marsh
Disturbed Upland
Dome Swamp
Marl Prairie
Pine Rockland
Strand Swamp
Wet Flatwoods
Wet Prairie

All Images:

Bletia purpurea
Copyright by: George D. Gann
In habitat, New Providence, Bahamas, 2012
Bletia purpurea
Copyright by: George D. Gann
In habitat, New Providence, Bahamas, 2012

Bletia purpurea
Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer
Bletia purpurea
Copyright by: Shirley Denton