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Basiphyllaea corallicola (Small) Ames
Carter’s orchid

Basiphyllaea corallicola
Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer, 2014
In habitat, Deering Estate at Cutler

Family: Orchidaceae

Group: Monocot

Substrate: Terrestrial

Habit: Herb

Perennation: Perennial

Native Range: South Florida and the West Indies (Bahamas, Greater Antilles). In the Greater Antilles, known from Cuba, Hispaniola and the island of Puerto Rico.

Map of Florida Locations

NatureServe Global Status: Imperiled

State of Florida Status: Endangered

Florida Natural Areas Inventory State Status: Critically Imperiled

IRC SOUTH FLORIDA Status: Critically Imperiled

SOUTH FLORIDA Occurrence: Present

SOUTH FLORIDA Native Status: Native

South Florida History and Distribution: A rare terrestrial orchid in southeastern Florida in Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County Keys. It was first collected in 1903 by John Kunkel Small, Alvah A. Eaton, and Joel J. Carter at Long Prairie in Miami-Dade County (Gann et al. 2002). Although known from a variety of habitats throughout its natural range, in South Florida it has only been documented in pine rocklands, although some of these locations have been disturbed or fire-suppressed. In South Florida the flowers are normally closed, unlike the plants displayed in most of the images here. See also, IRC’s book Rare Plants of South Florida (Gann et al. 2002, page 367) and IRC's report Vascular plant species of management concern in Everglades National Park (Gann 2015, page 79).

SOUTH FLORIDA Cultivated Status: Cultivated

Comments: See also the North American Orchid Conservation Center's Go Orchids website.

Other data on Basiphyllaea corallicola available from :

Basiphyllaea corallicola has been found in the following 4 conservation areas :
Occurrence Native Status
Bill Sadowski Park Present Native
Deering Estate at Cutler Present Native
Everglades National Park Present Native
National Key Deer Refuge Present Native

Basiphyllaea corallicola has been found in the following 2 counties :
Occurrence Native Status
Miami-Dade County Native
Monroe County (Keys) Native

Basiphyllaea corallicola has been found in the following habitat :
Pine Rockland

All Images:

Basiphyllaea corallicola
Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer, 2014
In habitat, Deering Estate at Cutler
Basiphyllaea corallicola
Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley
Basiphyllaea corallicola
Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley
Basiphyllaea corallicola
Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley
Basiphyllaea corallicola
Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer