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Mild water-pepper, Swamp smartweed
Polygonum hydropiperoides
Polygonaceae
 

Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

General Landscape Uses: Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also margins of ponds and lakes.

Availability: Grown by enthusiasts and occasionally by native plant nurseries.

Description: Small to medium creeping herb.

Dimensions: About 1-2 feet in height. Spreading and forming mats much broader than tall.

Growth Rate: Moderate.

Range: Widespread in North America south to Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America.

Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.

Habitats: Marshes and swamps.

Soils: Wet, poorly-drained to moderately well-drained sandy or organic soils, with humusy top layer.

Nutritional Requirements: Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.

Salt Water Tolerance: Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.

Salt Wind Tolerance: Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.

Drought Tolerance: Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.

Light Requirements: Full sun to light shade.

Flower Color: Pink.

Flower Characteristics: Semi-showy.

Flowering Season: Spring-fall.

Fruit: Inconspicuous nut.


Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

Copyright by: Shirley Denton

Copyright by: Shirley Denton

Copyright by: Shirley Denton


Other data on Polygonum hydropiperoides available from:



 
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