Mild water-pepper, Swamp smartweed
Polygonum hydropiperoides
Polygonaceae


Landscape Uses:

Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also margins of ponds and lakes.

Ecological Restoration Notes:

Availability:
Grown by enthusiasts and occasionally by native plant nurseries.
Description:
Small to medium creeping herb.
Height:
About 1-2 feet in height. Spreading and forming mats much broader than tall.
Growth Rate:
Moderate.
Range:
Widespread in North America south to Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America.
Habitats:
Marshes and swamps.
Soils:
Wet, poorly-drained to moderately well-drained sandy or organic soils, with humusy top layer.
Nutritional Requirements:
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Drought Tolerance:
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Light Requirements:
Full sun to light shade.
Flower Color:
Pink.
Flower Characteristics:
Semi-showy.
Flowering Season:
Spring-fall.
Fruit:
Inconspicuous nut.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Horticultural Notes:
Comments:


Roger L. Hammer
Shirley Denton
Shirley Denton
Shirley Denton