Shoestring fern
Vittaria lineata

Landscape Uses:

Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.

Ecological Restoration Notes:

Grown by enthusiasts.
Epiphytic herbaceous fern. Leaves dark green.
Pendent, with fronds 6-18 inches long or more.
Growth Rate:
Monroe County Keys north to southern Georgia; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America. In the Monroe County Keys, apparently limited to North Key Largo.
Moist forests and swamps.
Epiphytic; almost always on Sabal palmetto in areas of high humidity.
Nutritional Requirements:
Moderate; can grow on nutrient poor substrate, but needs some nutrient inputs to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Drought Tolerance:
Low; requires moist substrate and high humidity and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Light Requirements:
Light shade to moderate shade.
Flower Color:
Flower Characteristics:
There are no flowers; the plants reproduce by spores.
Flowering Season:
All year.
Inconspicuous spores.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Horticultural Notes:
See a 2018 post on the Treasure Coast Natives blog on Shoestring fern's relationship with the moss Octoblepharum albidum.

George D. Gann, 2012
In habitat, Palm Beach County, Florida
Shirley Denton
Shirley Denton
Shirley Denton
George D. Gann, 2018
In habitat, Ned Glenn Nature Preserve, Florida
Jay Horn via iNaturalist.