Trema micrantha

Landscape Uses:

Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.

Ecological Restoration Notes:

Grown by enthusiasts and occasionally by native plant nurseries.
Small erect tree with a norrowly umbrella-shaped crown. Trunks erect, small, to 3 inches in diameter. Bark smooth when young, becoming rough with age. Leaves dark green and rough above, much lighter below.
Typically 10-20 feet in height; to 39 feet in South Florida. Taller than broad.
Growth Rate:
Monroe County Keys north to Martin, Hendry and Pinellas counties; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America. Very rare north of Broward and Collier counties. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida website.
Hammock edges and gaps.
Moist, well-drained limestone or sandy soils, with humusy top layer.
Nutritional Requirements:
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Drought Tolerance:
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Light Requirements:
Full sun to light shade.
Flower Color:
Greenish-yellow to whitish.
Flower Characteristics:
Flowering Season:
All year.
Orange drupe borne on stems.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides significant food and some cover for wildlife. Larval host plant for io (Automeris io) moths; occasional larval host for martial scrub-hairstreak (Strymon martialis) butterflies.
Horticultural Notes:
Can be grown from de-pulped seed. Scatter seed over surface of soil and barely cover. Place container in light shade or full sun. Germination is in 3-4 weeks. Transplant into liners when mature leaves finish ermerging.
Most plants in south Florida are Trema floridanum.

George. D. Gann, 2021. In habitat, Delray Beach, Florida, USA.
George. D. Gann, 2021. In habitat, Delray Beach, Florida, USA.
George. D. Gann, 2021. In habitat, Delray Beach, Florida, USA.