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Floristic Inventory of the Florida Keys Database Online

Terminalia catappa L.
Tropical-almond, West Indian-almond

Terminalia catappa
Copyright by: George D. Gann, 2016
Naturalized, San Juan, Puerto Rico, Enlarge

Family: Combretaceae

Group: Dicot

Substrate: Terrestrial

Habit: Tree

Perennation: Perennial

Map of select IRC data for peninsular Florida

SOUTH FLORIDA Occurrence: Present

SOUTH FLORIDA Native Status: Not Native, Naturalized

SOUTH FLORIDA Cultivated Status: Cultivated

Comments: For images, click on the Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants link below.

FLORIDA KEYS Occurrence: Present

FLORIDA KEYS Native Status: Not Native, Naturalized

Map of select IRC data for the Florida Keys

Florida Keys History and Distribution: First collected between 1838 and 1853 by John Loomis Blodgett on the island of Key West.  Reported in 1913 by John Kunkel Small for pinelands and disturbed areas from the upper Keys to the lower Keys.  We consider this non-native and invasive throughout the Florida Keys.

Other data on Terminalia catappa available from :


Terminalia catappa has been reported from the following 10 conservation areas in the FLORIDA KEYS :
Occurrence Native Status
Bahia Honda State Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Biscayne National Park, Florida Keys Section Present Not Native, Naturalized
Blue Heron Hammock, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Not Native, Naturalized
Crocodile Lake National Wildlife Refuge Present Not Native, Naturalized
Dagny Johnson Key Largo Hammocks Botanical State Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Dry Tortugas National Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
National Key Deer Refuge Assumed to be Present Not Native, Naturalized
Spoonbill Sound Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Not Native, Naturalized
Sugarloaf Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Not Native, Naturalized




Terminalia catappa has been reported for the following 5 habitats in THE FLORIDA KEYS :
Beach Dune
Coastal Berm
Disturbed Upland
Pine Rockland
Rockland Hammock


All Images:

Terminalia catappa
Copyright by: George D. Gann, 2016
Naturalized, San Juan, Puerto Rico, Enlarge

Terminalia catappa
Copyright by: plantillustrations.org (public domain)
originally published in Curtis’s Botanical Magazine, vol. 57 [ser. 2, vol. 4]: t. 3004 (1830) [W.J. Hooker]

Terminalia catappa
Copyright by: plantillustrations.org (public domain)
originally published in Blanco, M., Flora de Filipinas, t. 144 (1875)