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Floristic Inventory of the Florida Keys Database Online

Rhizophora mangle L.
Red mangrove

Rhizophora mangle
Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

Family: Rhizophoraceae

Group: Dicot

Substrate: Terrestrial

Habit: Tree

Perennation: Perennial

Native Range: Florida, the West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America.

IRC SOUTH FLORIDA Status: Secure

Map of select IRC data for peninsular Florida

SOUTH FLORIDA Occurrence: Present

SOUTH FLORIDA Native Status: Native

SOUTH FLORIDA Cultivated Status: Cultivated

Comments: Visit our Natives For Your Neighborhood website for more information and images. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida website.

FLORIDA KEYS Occurrence: Present

FLORIDA KEYS Native Status: Native

IRC FLORIDA KEYS Status: Secure

Map of select IRC data for the Florida Keys

Florida Keys History and Distribution: Reported in 1884 by J. Cosmo Melvill for the island of Key West.  Reported in 1907 by C.F. Millspaugh for the lower sandy Keys.  Reported in 1913 by John Kunkel Small for saline and brackish shorelines and coastal hammocks throughout the Florida Keys.  We consider this native and extant throughout the Florida Keys.

Other data on Rhizophora mangle available from :


Rhizophora mangle has been reported from the following 29 conservation areas in the FLORIDA KEYS :
Occurrence Native Status
Attwood Addition, Indian Key Historic State Park Present Native
Bahia Honda State Park Present Native
Big Torch Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Biscayne National Park, Florida Keys Section Present Native
Blue Heron Hammock, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Crocodile Lake National Wildlife Refuge Present Native
Curry Hammock State Park Present Native
Dagny Johnson Key Largo Hammocks Botanical State Park Present Native
Dove Creek Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Dry Tortugas National Park Present Native
Great White Heron National Wildlife Refuge Present Native
Indian Key Historic State Park Present Native
John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park Present Native
Key West National Wildlife Refuge Present Native
Lake San Pedro Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Lignumvitae Key Botanical State Park Present Native
Lignumvitae Key Botanical State Park, Klopp Tract Present Native
Little Hamaca Park Present Native
Little Torch Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Long Key State Park Present Native
Middle Torch Hammocks Parcel 3063, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
National Key Deer Refuge Present Native
Ramrod Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Snake Creek Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Spoonbill Sound Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Sugarloaf Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Torchwood Hammock Preserve Present Native
Wahoo Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Windley Key Fossil Reef Geological State Park Present Native




Rhizophora mangle has been reported for the following 6 habitats in THE FLORIDA KEYS :
Beach Dune
Coastal Interdunal Swale
Disturbed Wetland
Freshwater Tidal Swamp
Tidal Marsh
Tidal Swamp


All Images:

Rhizophora mangle
Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

Rhizophora mangle
Copyright by: Kim Gabel, UF IFAS Extension Monroe County
Propagule showing damage by the red mangrove borer,
Coccotrypes rhizophorae

Rhizophora mangle
Copyright by: Dennis de Zeeuw, 2017. Florida

Rhizophora mangle
Copyright by: Dennis de Zeeuw, 2017. Florida

Rhizophora mangle
Copyright by: Shirley Denton

Rhizophora mangle
Copyright by: Kim Gabel, UF IFAS Extension Monroe County
Propagule showing damage by the red mangrove borer,
Coccotrypes rhizophorae

Rhizophora mangle
Copyright by: Dennis de Zeeuw, 2017. Florida

Rhizophora mangle
Copyright by: Shirley Denton

Rhizophora mangle
Copyright by: Steven W. Woodmansee

Rhizophora mangle
Copyright by: George D. Gann

Rhizophora mangle
Copyright by: Shirley Denton

Rhizophora mangle
Copyright by: George D. Gann

Rhizophora mangle
Copyright by: George D. Gann