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Floristic Inventory of the Florida Keys Database Online

Lycium carolinianum Walter
Christmasberry, Carolina desertthorn

Lycium carolinianum
Copyright by: George D. Gann

Family: Solanaceae

Group: Dicot

Substrate: Terrestrial

Habit: Shrub

Perennation: Perennial

Native Range: Southeastern United States, the Greater Antilles (Cuba) and Mexico.

IRC SOUTH FLORIDA Status: Secure

Map of South Florida Locations

SOUTH FLORIDA Occurrence: Present

SOUTH FLORIDA Native Status: Native

SOUTH FLORIDA Cultivated Status: Cultivated

Comments: Visit our Natives For Your Neighborhood website for more information and images.

FLORIDA KEYS Occurrence: Present

FLORIDA KEYS Native Status: Native

IRC FLORIDA KEYS Status: Apparently Secure

Map of Florida Keys Locations

Florida Keys History and Distribution: Reported in 1884 by J. Cosmo Melvill for the island of Key West.  Reported in 1913 by John Kunkel Small for hammocks and coastal sand dunes from the upper Keys to the lower Keys.  Reported for the lower sandy Keys by John H. Davis in 1942.  We consider this native and extant throughout the Florida Keys.

Other data on Lycium carolinianum available from :


Lycium carolinianum has been reported from the following 24 conservation areas in the FLORIDA KEYS :
Occurrence Native Status
Bahia Honda State Park Present Native
Big Torch Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Biscayne National Park, Florida Keys Section Present Native
Blue Heron Hammock, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Crocodile Lake National Wildlife Refuge Present Native
Curry Hammock State Park Present Native
Dagny Johnson Key Largo Hammocks Botanical State Park Present Native
Dove Creek Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Great White Heron National Wildlife Refuge Present Native
John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park Present Native
Key West National Wildlife Refuge Present Native
Lake San Pedro Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Lignumvitae Key Botanical State Park Present Native
Lignumvitae Key Botanical State Park, Klopp Tract Present Native
Little Hamaca Park Present Native
Long Key State Park Present Native
National Key Deer Refuge Present Native
Ramrod Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Snake Creek Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Spoonbill Sound Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Sugarloaf Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Torchwood Hammock Preserve Present Native
Wahoo Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Windley Key Fossil Reef Geological State Park Present Native




Lycium carolinianum has been reported for the following 3 habitats in THE FLORIDA KEYS :
Coastal Berm
Tidal Marsh
Tidal Swamp


All Images:

Lycium carolinianum
Copyright by: George D. Gann

Lycium carolinianum
Copyright by: Steven W. Woodmansee

Lycium carolinianum
Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

Lycium carolinianum
Copyright by: Shirley Denton

Lycium carolinianum
Copyright by: Susan Trammell

Lycium carolinianum
Copyright by: Kristen Finch
In cultivation, Palm Beach County, FL, 2013

Lycium carolinianum
Copyright by: Kristen Finch
In cultivation, Palm Beach County, FL, 2013

Lycium carolinianum
Copyright by: Kristen Finch
In cultivation, Palm Beach County, FL, 2013

Lycium carolinianum
Copyright by: Susan Trammell