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Floristic Inventory of the Florida Keys Database Online

Hypelate trifoliata Sw.
White-ironwood, Inkwood

Hypelate trifoliata
Copyright by: George D. Gann
In habitat, Long Pine Key, Everglades National Park,
Florida, 2013

Family: Sapindaceae

Group: Dicot

Substrate: Terrestrial

Habit: Shrub

Perennation: Perennial

Native Range: South Florida and the West Indies.

NatureServe Global Status: Apparently Secure

State of Florida Status: Endangered

Florida Natural Areas Inventory State Status: Critically Imperiled

IRC SOUTH FLORIDA Status: Critically Imperiled

Map of select IRC data for peninsular Florida

SOUTH FLORIDA Occurrence: Present

SOUTH FLORIDA Native Status: Native

SOUTH FLORIDA Cultivated Status: Cultivated

Comments: This is native to the South Florida mainland in Miami-Dade County and the Florida Keys from North Key Largo south to Key West, where it is possibly extirpated. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida website.

See also, IRC’s report Vascular plant species of management concern in Everglades National Park (Gann 2015).

FLORIDA KEYS Occurrence: Present

FLORIDA KEYS Native Status: Native

IRC FLORIDA KEYS Status: Critically Imperiled

Map of select IRC data for the Florida Keys

Florida Keys History and Distribution: First collected between 1838 and 1853 by John Loomis Blodgett on the island of Key West. Reported by John Kunkel Small for hammocks from the upper Keys to the lower Keys. We consider this native from the upper Keys to the lower Keys, but perhaps only extant in the upper and middle Keys.

Other data on Hypelate trifoliata available from :


Hypelate trifoliata has been reported from the following 6 conservation areas in the FLORIDA KEYS :
Occurrence Native Status
Dagny Johnson Key Largo Hammocks Botanical State Park Present Native
Dove Creek Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park Present Native
National Key Deer Refuge Possibly Extirpated Possibly Extirpated
Snake Creek Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Windley Key Fossil Reef Geological State Park Present Native




Hypelate trifoliata has been reported for the following habitat in THE FLORIDA KEYS :
Rockland Hammock


All Images:

Hypelate trifoliata
Copyright by: George D. Gann
In habitat, Long Pine Key, Everglades National Park,
Florida, 2013

Hypelate trifoliata
Copyright by: George D. Gann
in habitat, Everglades National Park, Key Largo, Florida, 2013

Hypelate trifoliata
Copyright by: George D. Gann
in habitat, Everglades National Park, Key Largo, Florida, 2013

Hypelate trifoliata
Copyright by: George D. Gann
in habitat, Everglades National Park, Key Largo, Florida, 2013

Hypelate trifoliata
Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer