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Floristic Inventory of the Florida Keys Database Online

Ernodea littoralis Sw.
Beach-creeper, Golden-creeper, Coughbush

Ernodea littoralis
Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

Family: Rubiaceae

Group: Dicot

Substrate: Terrestrial

Habit: Shrub

Perennation: Perennial

Native Range: Peninsular Florida, the West Indies, Mexico and Central America (Belize). Reported for northern South America (Standley & Williams, 1975; Correll & Correll, 1982), apparently in error.

IRC SOUTH FLORIDA Status: Secure

Map of South Florida Locations

SOUTH FLORIDA Occurrence: Present

SOUTH FLORIDA Native Status: Native

SOUTH FLORIDA Cultivated Status: Cultivated

Comments: Visit our Natives For Your Neighborhood website for more information and images.

FLORIDA KEYS Occurrence: Present

FLORIDA KEYS Native Status: Native

IRC FLORIDA KEYS Status: Apparently Secure

Map of Florida Keys Locations

Florida Keys History and Distribution: First collected between 1838 and 1853 by John Loomis Blodgett on the island of Key West.  Reported in 1907 by C.F. Millspaugh for the lower sandy Keys.  Reported in 1913 by John Kunkel Small for coastal sand dunes and rocky shores throughout the Florida Keys.  We consider this native and extant throughout the Florida Keys.

Other data on Ernodea littoralis available from :


Ernodea littoralis has been reported from the following 18 conservation areas in the FLORIDA KEYS :
Occurrence Native Status
Bahia Honda State Park Present Native
Big Torch Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Blue Heron Hammock, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Curry Hammock State Park Present Native
Dagny Johnson Key Largo Hammocks Botanical State Park Present Native
Great White Heron National Wildlife Refuge Present Native
Indian Key Historic State Park Reported
John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park Presumed Extirpated Native, Cultivated Only
Key West National Wildlife Refuge Present Native
Little Torch Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Long Key State Park Present Native
Middle Torch Hammocks Parcel 3063, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
National Key Deer Refuge Present Native
Ramrod Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Spoonbill Sound Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Sugarloaf Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Torchwood Hammock Preserve Present Native
Windley Key Fossil Reef Geological State Park Reported




Ernodea littoralis has been reported for the following 3 habitats in THE FLORIDA KEYS :
Beach Dune
Disturbed Upland
Pine Rockland


All Images:

Ernodea littoralis
Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

Ernodea littoralis
Copyright by: Susan Trammell

Ernodea littoralis
Copyright by: Shirley Denton

Ernodea littoralis
Copyright by: Shirley Denton

Ernodea littoralis
Copyright by: Shirley Denton

Ernodea littoralis
Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley