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Floristic Inventory of the Florida Keys Database Online

Basiphyllaea corallicola (Small) Ames
Carter’s orchid

Basiphyllaea corallicola
Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer, 2014
In habitat, Deering Estate at Cutler

Family: Orchidaceae

Group: Monocot

Substrate: Terrestrial

Habit: Herb

Perennation: Perennial

Native Range: South Florida and the West Indies (Bahamas, Greater Antilles). In the Greater Antilles, known from Cuba, Hispaniola and the island of Puerto Rico.

NatureServe Global Status: Imperiled

State of Florida Status: Endangered

Florida Natural Areas Inventory State Status: Critically Imperiled

IRC SOUTH FLORIDA Status: Critically Imperiled

Map of select IRC data for peninsular Florida

SOUTH FLORIDA Occurrence: Present

SOUTH FLORIDA Native Status: Native

South Florida History and Distribution: A rare terrestrial orchid in southeastern Florida in Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County Keys. It was first collected in 1903 by John Kunkel Small, Alvah A. Eaton, and Joel J. Carter at Long Prairie in Miami-Dade County (Gann et al. 2002). Although known from a variety of habitats throughout its natural range, in South Florida it has only been documented in pine rocklands, although some of these locations have been disturbed or fire-suppressed. In South Florida the flowers are normally closed, unlike the plants displayed in most of the images here. See also, IRC’s book Rare Plants of South Florida (Gann et al. 2002, page 367) and IRC's report Vascular plant species of management concern in Everglades National Park (Gann 2015, page 79).

SOUTH FLORIDA Cultivated Status: Cultivated

Comments: See also the North American Orchid Conservation Center's Go Orchids website.

FLORIDA KEYS Occurrence: Present

FLORIDA KEYS Native Status: Native

IRC FLORIDA KEYS Status: Critically Imperiled

Map of select IRC data for the Florida Keys

Florida Keys History and Distribution: Not reported for the Florida Keys by John Kunkel Small in 1913. Alan Herndon discovered a single plant in 1988 on Big Pine Key in the lower Keys, which was observed again in 2001 (Gann et al. 2002:367-369).

Other data on Basiphyllaea corallicola available from :


Basiphyllaea corallicola has been reported from the following conservation area in the FLORIDA KEYS :
Occurrence Native Status
National Key Deer Refuge Present Native




Basiphyllaea corallicola has been reported for the following habitat in THE FLORIDA KEYS :
Pine Rockland


All Images:

Basiphyllaea corallicola
Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer, 2014
In habitat, Deering Estate at Cutler

Basiphyllaea corallicola
Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley

Basiphyllaea corallicola
Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley

Basiphyllaea corallicola
Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley

Basiphyllaea corallicola
Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer