Plants of the Florida Keys · Plants by Conservation Areas · Plants by Habitat
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Floristic Inventory of the Florida Keys Database Online

Ayenia euphrasiifolia Griseb.
Eyebright ayenia

Family: Malvaceae

Group: Dicot

Substrate: Terrestrial

Habit: Herb

Perennation: Perennial

Native Range: Peninsular Florida and Cuba, where widespread. In Florida, known only from southeastern Florida and a few counties near Tampa Bay where limestone substrate is found.

IRC SOUTH FLORIDA Status: Apparently Secure

SOUTH FLORIDA Occurrence: Present

SOUTH FLORIDA Native Status: Native

SOUTH FLORIDA Cultivated Status: Cultivated

FISF Comments: Native to the Monroe County Keys and Miami-Dade County and collected once in Palm Beach County by Erdman West in 1944 (s.n., FLAS).

Also, visit our Natives For Your Neighborhood website for more information and images.


FLORIDA KEYS Occurrence: Assumed to be Present

FLORIDA KEYS Native Status: Native

IRC FLORIDA KEYS Status: Critically Imperiled

Florida Keys History and Distribution: First collected between 1838 and 1853 by John Loomis Blodgett on the island of Key West. Reported in 1913 by John Kunkel Small for pinelands in the lower Keys. Also collected in 1999 and 2002 by George Gann and Janice Duquesnel at Dagny Johnson Key Largo Hammock Botanical State Park on North Key Largo (231 FTG, 1140 FTG), where perhaps relict from the historical pineland there. However, the North Key Largo population was not observed during comprehensive botanical surveys between 2012 and 2014 (Wilder et a. 2014). We consider this native in the upper Keys and lower Keys, but possibly extirpated in the upper Keys. Verification of its status in pinelands in the lower Keys is also needed.

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Ayenia euphrasiifolia
Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley

Other data on Ayenia euphrasiifolia available from :
Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants
Ayenia euphrasiifolia has been reported from the following 3 conservation areas in the FLORIDA KEYS :
Occurrence Native Status
Dagny Johnson Key Largo Hammocks Botanical State Park Possibly Extirpated Possibly Extirpated
John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park Reported
National Key Deer Refuge Assumed to be Present Native




Ayenia euphrasiifolia has been reported for the following 2 habitats in THE FLORIDA KEYS :
Disturbed Upland
Pine Rockland


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Ayenia euphrasiifolia
Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley
Ayenia euphrasiifolia
Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley