Plants of the Florida Keys · Plants by Conservation Areas · Plants by Habitat
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Floristic Inventory of the Florida Keys Database Online

Avicennia germinans (L.) L.
Black mangrove

Family: Avicenniaceae

Group: Dicot

Substrate: Terrestrial

Habit: Tree

Perennation: Perennial

Native Range: Southeastern United States, the West Indies, Mexico, Central America, South America and western Africa.

IRC SOUTH FLORIDA Status: Secure

SOUTH FLORIDA Occurrence: Present

SOUTH FLORIDA Native Status: Native

SOUTH FLORIDA Cultivated Status: Cultivated

FISF Comments: Visit our Natives For Your Neighborhood website for more information and images and click on the Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants link below for more images. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida website.

FISF Synonyms: A. oblongifolia.

FLORIDA KEYS Occurrence: Present

FLORIDA KEYS Native Status: Native

IRC FLORIDA KEYS Status: Secure

Florida Keys History and Distribution: Reported in 1884 by J. Cosmo Melvill for the island of Key West. Reported in 1907 by C.F. Millspaugh for the lower sandy Keys. Reported in 1913 by John Kunkel Small for coastal hammocks and shores throughout the Florida Keys. We consider this native and extant throughout the Florida Keys.

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Avicennia germinans
Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

Other data on Avicennia germinans available from :
Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants
Avicennia germinans has been reported from the following 29 conservation areas in the FLORIDA KEYS :
Occurrence Native Status
Attwood Addition, Indian Key Historic State Park Present Native
Bahia Honda State Park Present Native
Big Torch Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Biscayne National Park, Florida Keys Section Present Native
Blue Heron Hammock, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Crocodile Lake National Wildlife Refuge Present Native
Curry Hammock State Park Present Native
Dagny Johnson Key Largo Hammocks Botanical State Park Present Native
Dove Creek Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Dry Tortugas National Park Present Native
Great White Heron National Wildlife Refuge Present Native
Indian Key Historic State Park Present Native
John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park Present Native
Key West National Wildlife Refuge Present Native
Lake San Pedro Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Lignumvitae Key Botanical State Park Present Native
Lignumvitae Key Botanical State Park, Klopp Tract Present Native
Little Hamaca Park Present Native
Little Torch Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Long Key State Park Present Native
Middle Torch Hammocks Parcel 3063, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
National Key Deer Refuge Present Native
Ramrod Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Snake Creek Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Spoonbill Sound Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Sugarloaf Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Torchwood Hammock Preserve Present Native
Wahoo Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Windley Key Fossil Reef Geological State Park Present Native




Avicennia germinans has been reported for the following 3 habitats in THE FLORIDA KEYS :
Beach Dune
Tidal Marsh
Tidal Swamp


All Images:

Avicennia germinans
Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer
Avicennia germinans
Copyright by: James Johnson, 2014
In habitat, Everglades National Park, Florida

Avicennia germinans
Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley
Avicennia germinans
Copyright by: Shirley Denton

Avicennia germinans
Copyright by: Shirley Denton
Avicennia germinans
Copyright by: Steven W. Woodmansee

Avicennia germinans
Copyright by: Chuck McCartney
Avicennia germinans
Copyright by: Steven W. Woodmansee