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Swietenia mahagoni (L.) Jacq.
West Indian mahogany, Cuban mahogany

Swietenia mahagoni
Copyright by: George D. Gann

Family: Meliaceae

Group: Dicot

Substrate: Terrestrial

Habit: Tree

Perennation: Perennial

Native Range: South Florida and the West Indies (not Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Lesser Antilles); widely cultivated and naturalized elsewhere.

Map of select IRC data for peninsular Florida

NatureServe Global Status: Vulnerable

State of Florida Status: Threatened

Florida Natural Areas Inventory State Status: Rare

IRC SOUTH FLORIDA Status: Rare

SOUTH FLORIDA Occurrence: Present

SOUTH FLORIDA Native Status: Native

SOUTH FLORIDA Cultivated Status: Cultivated

Comments: Monroe and Miami-Dade counties; West Indies. In South Florida, native to the middle and upper Florida Keys (south to about Lower Matecumbe Key), the extreme southern peninsula along the shores of Florida Bay, and the Brickell Hammock area of the mainland where collected once in 1904. It is often planted outside of its historical range, and is now escaping from cultivation and sometimes invading conservation areas. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida website. Visit our Natives For Your Neighborhood website for more information.

Other data on Swietenia mahagoni available from :

Swietenia mahagoni has been found in the following 77 conservation areas :
Occurrence Native Status
Arch Creek Addition Present Not Native, Naturalized
Arch Creek Park Present Not Native, Cultivated Only
Atlantic Dunes Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Bahia Honda State Park Present Not Native, Cultivated Only
Big and Little George Hammocks Present Not Native, Naturalized
Big Cypress National Preserve Present Not Native, Naturalized
Bill Baggs Cape Florida State Park Present Not Native, Cultivated Only
Biscayne National Park Present Native
Black Creek Forest Present Not Native, Naturalized
Caloosahatchee Creeks Preserve Present Not Native, Naturalized
Camp Owaissa Bauer Present Not Native, Naturalized
Chapman Field Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Coconut Creek Maple Swamp Natural Area Present Not Native, Naturalized
Collier-Seminole State Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Coral Reef Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Corkscrew Swamp Sanctuary Present Not Native, Naturalized
Crocodile Lake National Wildlife Refuge Present Native
Dagny Johnson Key Largo Hammocks Botanical State Park Present Native
Deering Estate at Cutler Present Not Native, Naturalized
Dove Creek Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Dr. Von D. Mizell-Eula Johnson State Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Dupuis Reserve Present Not Native, Naturalized
Everglades and Francis S. Taylor Wildlife Management Area Present Not Native, Naturalized
Everglades National Park Present Native
Florida City Pineland Present Not Native, Naturalized
Frog Pond/L-31 N Transition Lands Present Not Native, Naturalized
Gopher Tortoise Preserve Present Not Native, Naturalized
Goulds Pineland Present Not Native, Naturalized
Greynolds Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Harden Hammock Present Not Native, Naturalized
Hattie Bauer Hammock Present Not Native, Naturalized
Homestead Bayfront Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Hugh Taylor Birch State Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Ingram Pineland Present Not Native, Naturalized
J.W. Corbett Wildlife Management Area Present Not Native, Naturalized
John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park Present Native
Lake San Pedro Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Larry and Penny Thompson Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Lignumvitae Key Botanical State Park Present Native
Lignumvitae Key Botanical State Park, Klopp Tract Present Native
Little Hamaca Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Little Torch Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Not Native, Naturalized
Long Key State Park Present Not Native, Cultivated Only
Ludlam Pineland Present Not Native, Naturalized
Luis Martinez United States Army Reserve Station, Richmond Pine Rocklands Present Not Native, Naturalized
Matheson Hammock Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Milton E. Thompson Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
National Key Deer Refuge Present Not Native, Naturalized
Navy Wells Pineland #23 Present Not Native, Naturalized
Ned Glenn Nature Preserve Present Not Native, Naturalized
Nixon Smiley Pineland Addition Present Not Native, Naturalized
Nixon Smiley Pineland Preserve Present Not Native, Naturalized
Northrop Pineland Present Not Native, Naturalized
Oleta River State Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Pine Shore Preserve Present Not Native, Naturalized
R. Hardy Matheson Preserve Present Not Native, Naturalized
Ramrod Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Not Native, Cultivated Only
Rock Pit #39 Present Not Native, Naturalized
Rockdale Pineland Present Not Native, Naturalized
Ron Ehman Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Rookery Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve Present Not Native, Naturalized
Seminole Wayside Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Silver Palm Groves Present Not Native, Naturalized
Simpson Park Present Native
Six Mile Cypress Slough Preserve Present Not Native, Naturalized
Snake Creek Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Sugarloaf Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Not Native, Naturalized
Sunny Palms Pineland Present Not Native, Naturalized
The Barnacle State Historic Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Trail Glades Range Present Not Native, Naturalized
Tree Island Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Tree Tops Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Trinity Pineland Present Not Native, Naturalized
Tropical Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Windley Key Fossil Reef Geological State Park Present Native
Woodmont Natural Area Present Not Native, Naturalized
Zoo Miami Present Not Native, Naturalized

Swietenia mahagoni has been found in the following 7 counties :
Occurrence Native Status
Broward County Not Native, Naturalized
Collier County Not Native, Naturalized
Lee County Not Native, Naturalized
Miami-Dade County Native
Monroe County (Keys) Native
Monroe County (Mainland) Native
Palm Beach County

Swietenia mahagoni has been found in the following 3 habitats :
Disturbed Upland
Pine Rockland
Rockland Hammock

All Images:

Swietenia mahagoni
Copyright by: George D. Gann
Swietenia mahagoni
Copyright by: Shirley Denton
Swietenia mahagoni
Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley