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Ficus microcarpa L. f.
Laurel fig, Indian laurel

Family: Moraceae

Group: Dicot

Substrate: Terrestrial

Habit: Tree

Perennation: Perennial

Native Range: Old World; cultivated and escaped elsewhere.

FLEPPC Status: Invasive

SOUTH FLORIDA Occurrence: Present

SOUTH FLORIDA Native Status: Not Native, Naturalized

SOUTH FLORIDA Cultivated Status: Cultivated

Ficus microcarpa
Copyright by: George D. Gann
in habitat as an invasive exotic
Everglades National Park, 2012

Other data on Ficus microcarpa available from :
Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants
Ficus microcarpa has been found in the following 75 conservation areas :
Occurrence Native Status
Alice C. Wainwright Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge Present Not Native, Naturalized
Bahia Honda State Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Big Cypress National Preserve Present Not Native, Naturalized
Bill Baggs Cape Florida State Park Recorded as Present in Error
Bocilla Preserve Present Not Native, Naturalized
Caloosahatchee Creeks Preserve Present Not Native, Naturalized
Castellow Hammock Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Cayo Costa State Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Coral Pines Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
County Line Scrub, Miami-Dade County Present Not Native, Naturalized
Crocodile Lake National Wildlife Refuge Present Not Native, Naturalized
Dagny Johnson Key Largo Hammocks Botanical State Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Deering Estate at Cutler Present Not Native, Naturalized
Delray Oaks Natural Area Present Not Native, Naturalized
Doris Davis Forman Wilderness Preserve Present Not Native, Naturalized
Dupuis Reserve Present Not Native, Naturalized
Enchanted Forest Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Everglades and Francis S. Taylor Wildlife Management Area Present Not Native, Naturalized
Everglades National Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Fakahatchee Strand Preserve State Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Fred C. Babcock-Cecil M. Webb Wildlife Management Area Present Not Native, Naturalized
Frenchman's Forest Natural Area Present Not Native, Naturalized
Gold Coast Railroad Museum Present Not Native, Naturalized
Greynolds Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Halpatiokee Regional Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Hattie Bauer Hammock Present Not Native, Naturalized
Hillsboro Pineland Natural Area Present Not Native, Naturalized
Hobe Sound National Wildlife Refuge Present Not Native, Naturalized
Hobe Sound Sandhill Present Not Native, Naturalized
Homestead Bayfront Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Hugh Taylor Birch State Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Ives Estate Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
J.W. Corbett Wildlife Management Area Present Not Native, Naturalized
John D. MacArthur Beach State Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Jonathan Dickinson State Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Juno Dunes Natural Area Present Not Native, Naturalized
Jupiter Ridge Natural Area Present Not Native, Naturalized
Kendall Indian Hammocks Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Koreshan State Historic Site Present Not Native, Naturalized
LaBelle Nature Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Larry and Penny Thompson Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Lignumvitae Key Botanical State Park Recorded as Present in Error
Long Key Natural Area & Nature Center Present Not Native, Naturalized
Loxahatchee River Natural Area Present Not Native, Naturalized
Luis Martinez United States Army Reserve Station, Richmond Pine Rocklands Present Not Native, Naturalized
Matheson Hammock Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Military Trail Natural Area Present Not Native, Naturalized
Milton E. Thompson Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Muscara Present Not Native, Naturalized
Nixon Smiley Pineland Preserve Present Not Native, Naturalized
Oak Grove Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Okaloacoochee Slough State Forest, Okaloacoochee Slough Wildlife Management Area Present Not Native, Naturalized
Okaloacoochee Slough Wildlife Management Area - FWC, Okaloacoochee Slough Wildlife Management Area Present Not Native, Naturalized
Oleta River State Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Picayune Strand State Forest Present Not Native, Naturalized
Pine Island Ridge Natural Area Present Not Native, Naturalized
Prospect Road Natural Area Present Not Native, Naturalized
Quail Roost Pineland Present Not Native, Naturalized
Rockdale Pineland Present Not Native, Naturalized
Rocky Point Hammock Possibly Extirpated Not Native, Naturalized
Ron Ehman Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Rosemary Scrub Natural Area Present Not Native, Naturalized
Royal Palm Beach Pines Natural Area Present Not Native, Naturalized
Savannas Preserve State Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Seacrest Scrub Natural Area Present Not Native, Naturalized
Sewell Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Six Mile Cypress Slough Preserve Present Not Native, Naturalized
Snake Creek/Miramar Pineland Natural Area Present Not Native, Naturalized
South Beach Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
St. Lucie Inlet Preserve State Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Tall Cypress Natural Area Present Not Native, Naturalized
Tradewinds Regional Park Present Not Native, Naturalized
Yamato Scrub Natural Area Present Not Native, Naturalized


Ficus microcarpa has been found in the following 6 counties :
Occurrence Native Status
Broward County Not Native, Naturalized
Lee County Not Native, Naturalized
Martin County Not Native, Naturalized
Miami-Dade County Not Native, Naturalized
Monroe County (Keys) Not Native, Naturalized
Palm Beach County Not Native, Naturalized


Ficus microcarpa has been found in the following 22 habitats :
Coastal Berm
Coastal Strand
Depression Marsh
Disturbed Upland
Disturbed Wetland
Dome Swamp
Floodplain Forest
Floodplain Swamp
Maritime Hammock
Marl Prairie
Mesic Flatwoods
Pine Rockland
Prairie Hammock
Rockland Hammock
Scrub
Scrubby Flatwoods
Shell Mound
Sinkhole
Strand Swamp
Swale
Wet Flatwoods
Xeric Hammock


All Images:

Ficus microcarpa
Copyright by: George D. Gann
in habitat as an invasive exotic
Everglades National Park, 2012
Ficus microcarpa
Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley