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Ernodea littoralis Sw.
Beach-creeper, Golden-creeper, Coughbush

Ernodea littoralis
Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

Family: Rubiaceae

Group: Dicot

Substrate: Terrestrial

Habit: Shrub

Perennation: Perennial

Native Range: Peninsular Florida, the West Indies, Mexico and Central America (Belize). Reported for northern South America (Standley & Williams, 1975; Correll & Correll, 1982), apparently in error.

Map of select IRC data for peninsular Florida

IRC SOUTH FLORIDA Status: Secure

SOUTH FLORIDA Occurrence: Present

SOUTH FLORIDA Native Status: Native

SOUTH FLORIDA Cultivated Status: Cultivated

Comments: Visit our Natives For Your Neighborhood website for more information and images.

Other data on Ernodea littoralis available from :

Ernodea littoralis has been found in the following 51 conservation areas :
Occurrence Native Status
Atlantic Dunes Park Present CNE
Bahia Honda State Park Present Native
Barefoot Beach Preserve Present Native
Big Torch Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Bill Baggs Cape Florida State Park Present Native
Biscayne National Park Present Native, Cultivated Only
Blowing Rocks Preserve Present Native
Blue Heron Hammock, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Bocilla Preserve Present Native
Camp Owaissa Bauer Recorded as Present in Error
Cayo Costa State Park Present Native
Crandon Park Present Native
Curry Hammock State Park Present Native
Dagny Johnson Key Largo Hammocks Botanical State Park Present Native
Delnor-Wiggins Pass State Park Present Native
Delray Beach Municipal Beach Present Native
Don Pedro Island State Park Present Native
Dr. Von D. Mizell-Eula Johnson State Park Present Native
Everglades National Park Present Native
Gasparilla Island State Park Present Native
Great White Heron National Wildlife Refuge Present Native
Hobe Sound National Wildlife Refuge Present Native
Hobe Sound Sandhill Present Native
Hollywood North Beach Regional Park Present Native
Hugh Taylor Birch State Park Present Native
Indian Key Historic State Park Reported
J.N. Ding Darling National Wildlife Refuge Present Native
John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park Presumed Extirpated Native, Cultivated Only
Jonathan Dickinson State Park Present Native
Juno Dunes Natural Area Presumed Extirpated Presumed Extirpated
Key West National Wildlife Refuge Present Native
Little Torch Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Long Key State Park Present Native
Lovers Key State Park Present Native
Matheson Hammock Park Presumed Extirpated Presumed Extirpated
Middle Torch Hammocks Anderson, Lipchak, 3112 Parcels, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Middle Torch Hammocks Parcel 3063, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
National Key Deer Refuge Present Native
Navy Wells Pineland Preserve Recorded as Present in Error
Ocean Ridge Hammock Park Present Native
Ramrod Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Red Reef Park Present Native
Rookery Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve Present Native
Spoonbill Sound Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Stump Pass Beach State Park Present Native
Sugarloaf Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Tigertail Beach County Park Present Native
Torchwood Hammock Preserve Present Native
Vanderbilt Beach County Park Present Native
West Lake Park/Anne Kolb Nature Center Present Native
Windley Key Fossil Reef Geological State Park Reported

Ernodea littoralis has been found in the following 9 counties :
Occurrence Native Status
Broward County Native
Charlotte County Native
Collier County Native
Lee County Native
Martin County Native
Miami-Dade County Native
Monroe County (Keys) Native
Monroe County (Mainland) Native
Palm Beach County Native

Ernodea littoralis has been found in the following 5 habitats :
Beach Dune
Coastal Grassland
Coastal Strand
Disturbed Upland
Pine Rockland

All Images:

Ernodea littoralis
Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer
Ernodea littoralis
Copyright by: Susan Trammell
Ernodea littoralis
Copyright by: Shirley Denton
Ernodea littoralis
Copyright by: Shirley Denton
Ernodea littoralis
Copyright by: Shirley Denton
Ernodea littoralis
Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley